Specific Food Questionnaires

Location: Arnold Building, 4th floor
Contact phone: (800) 460-7270, (206) 667-4161
Contact fax: (206) 667-7850
Contact e-mail: nasr@fhcrc.org

Questionnaires to assess the consumption of specific foods have been developed and are available for use as described below. For procedural details, see How to Use Specific Food Questionnaires.

Soy Questionnaire

The soy questionnaire was developed to assess the patterns and correlates of soy consumption among postmenopausal women in the United States. It contains questions about the consumption of 20 soy foods and supplements. It has been used with a number of other studies since 2003.This is not a self-scored questionnaire and should be discussed with NASR manager.

Read the following publication for more information:

Frankenfeld CL, Patterson RE, Horner NK, Neuhouser ML, Skor HE, Kalhorn TF, Howald WN, Lampe JW. Validation of a soy food frequency questionnaire and evaluation of correlates of plasma isoflavone concentrations in postmenopausal women. Am J Clin Nutr 2003; 77:674-80.

Mindful Eating Questionnaire

“Mindful eating” describes a nonjudgmental awareness of physical and emotional sensations associated with eating.  The mindful eating questionnaire (MEQ) was developed to support rigorous scientific inquiry into this concept.  It is a 28-item scale developed to measure the construct of mindful eating.  It is a first step in characterizing and measuring mindful eating, and may be useful in both clinical practice and research to understand and promote healthful dietary behavior.

Fat-Related Diet Habits Questionnaire

The fat-related diet habits questionnaire was designed to assess eating behaviors associated with a low-fat diet.

There are five fat-related dietary patterns (factors): substitute specially manufactured low-fat foods; modify meat; avoid frying foods; replace high-fat foods with lower-fat foods such as fruits and vegetables that result in a change in overall cuisine; and avoid fat as a spread or flavoring.

Responses are on a four-point scale (1=usually or always, 2=often, 3=sometimes, 4=rarely or never), which are coded 1 through 4 to correlate positively with fat intake. Scoring the questionnaire will give you a general idea about respondents' low-fat eating patterns; the lower the score, the lower the dietary fat intake.

This questionnaire was designed by Dr. Alan Kristal and is available to download and use free of charge. For more information, see the following publication:

Shannon J, Kristal AR, Curry SJ, Beresford SA. Application of a behavioral approach to measuring dietary change: the fat- and fiber-related diet behavior questionnaire. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 1997; 6(5): 355-61.

Caffeine Questionnaire (Supplemental beverages)

The caffeine questionnaire is available to supplement the general food frequency questionnaire on the dietary intake of caffeine. It can also be used independently of the general FFQ. There is no plan to validate the caffeine questionnaire with dietary recalls.  It can be self scored.

Beverage and Snack Questionnaire

The beverage and snack questionnaire (BSQ) is a 19 item questionnaire used to assess frequency of consumption of beverages such as soft drinks, energy drinks, juice, fruit drinks and milk plus consumption of salty and sweet snacks such as cookies and candy.  The response options inquire whether the food or beverage was consumed at school or away from school.  The questionnaire was developed for use with 10-18 year olds.  For more information:

Neuhouser ML, Lilley S, Lund A, and Johnson DB.  Development and validation of a beverage and snack questionnaire for use in evaluation of school nutrition policies. J Am Diet Assoc 2009; 109 (9): 1587-1592.

A second beverage and snack questionnaire has been developed. The BSQ2 is a modified version that was developed in conjunction with Network for a Healthy California. It differs slightly from the validated version: The milk questions have been changed in order to separate flavored milks from regular milks, for investigators interested in overall sweetened beverage consumption. Sweetened coffee and tea beverages and plain water have also been added.